DIABETES – ALL YOU WANT TO KNOW

Date Added: May 20, 2010 07:16:25 PM
Author: Archana Menon
Category: Computers & Internet

Recently, The Hindu reported that India already has 50 million people with diabetes while 50 million people are already in the pre-diabetes stage. It is also estimated that the country will have 87 million people with diabetes by the year 2030. These scary figures remind us of the seriousness of the situation and the increasing need to cure and also prevent diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which a person’s blood sugar level goes higher than normal. Types of diabetes Most common forms of diabetes are: 1. Type 1 diabetes 2. Type 2 diabetes Type 1 is a condition in which a patient’s blood sugar level goes up because of the body's failure to produce insulin. Type 2 is a in which the body cells don't properly respond to the insulin that is being produced. Symptoms of diabetes The symptoms are quite similar in both the types of diabetes. Usual symptoms of diabetes are increased weight loss, blurred vision, wounds take time to heal, weakness, and frequent skin infections and irritation. Some people may also experience weight gain because of increased appetite. Common causes of diabetes 1. Hereditary conditions -If one of the parents is diabetic, there is a chance for the child to get diabetes. If both the parents are diabetic, the chance is even higher. 2. Stress- Usually, physical or mental stress is considered as the preliminary cause of diabetes. 3. Infections- Several infections like mumps, rubella etc. may cause diabetes 4. Deskbound jobs- People who are in desk jobs are more prone to diabetes than others. Tests for diabetes FPG (Fasting Plasma Glucose) test- The patient should take this test in empty stomach, after fasting for 8 hours. If the glucose level is below 99 mg/dl (milligram/decilitre), it is considered as normal and if it is above 126, then the person has diabetes. OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance) test- The patient should take this test in empty stomach, after fasting for 8 hours. The patient will also be given a drink containing glucose and the test will be performed immediately after 2 hours. If the blood sugar level is below 139, it is considered as normal. Anything above 200 has diabetes. Random plasma glucose test- This test measures glucose levels in the blood without fasting. If the patient has a blood glucose level of 200 mg/dl or higher, then it is a case of diabetes. Anything lesser than 200 is considered as normal. Diabetes prevention Diabetes can be prevented to an extent in the following ways: 1. If you have a family history of diabetes, do regular check-up once you pass the age of 30. 2. Have a well-balanced diet and work out regularly. 3. Avoid smoking and consumption of alcohol A healthy lifestyle helps you prevent most of the diseases. Diabetes is no exception. To know more about Diabetes, visit ‘Cure for Common Diseases’ under ‘Healthcare & Pregnancy’ section of Infolona (www.infolona.com)
 
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